Audible provides the highest quality audio and narration. This book should be required for Latin-American studies, since it gives a very detailed description of the events. Is very important to say that maps, artefacts and evidences have disappeared during the conquest. ADD TO YOUR WISH LIST; ADD TO YOUR SHELVES; Your vote:Cancel. The book is much different from others written about the defeat of the empire because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather then the Spanish. He describes Aztec cultural life amongst the Nahua peoples, the importance of translators that spoke Nahuatl, and the struggle of accounts that were written by eyewitnesses well after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. These oral and written Aztec accounts of the fall of Tenochtitlan and the Spanish conquistadores provide some excellent perspectives on the brutality of the time and the mixed emotions that can be evoked by exploring such a wide cultural and historical gulf. This title is described for many experts like a unique and powerful story that relates perfectly the Aztec struggle in those times of Spanish colonization. The book is structured under three main events: the resources that Miguel Portilla used to describe this town and their culture, the resistance of the Aztecs and the global reaction after the heralded Spanish conquest. Save for later . Perhaps one of the principal arguments of the author is that the Spanish empire contributed to the downfall of the Aztecs. They made this kind of rituals for someone who is considered a god. The opposition to the book says it is "intended for a non-expert readership" and "does not, itself, give the material for answers." Start studying the broken spears notes 1. the broken spears: the aztec account of the conquest of mexico summary The reader can structure many theories of how this carried over to the Aztecs way of thinking and fighting. In " The Broken Spears" by Miguel Leon-Portilla we learn about the Aztecs and how they were viciously conquered by the Spaniards. Essay on The Broken Spears by Miguel Leon-Portilla In the book originally written by Miguel Leon-Portilla, mirroring the event way back in 1519 when Hernan Cortes sailed from Cuba to Mexico and entered the The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. Broken Spears was an interesting account that could be seen to have a little bias on the side of the Mexica. Shared by:anansisan Written by Miguel León-Portilla Read by Jason Manuel Olazabal Format: MP3 Bitrate: 32 Kbps For hundreds of years, the history of the conquest of Mexico and the defeat of the Aztecs has been told in the words of the Spanish victors. The Broken Spears, by Miguel Leon-Portilla, is a detailed and graphic account of the Spanish conquest, told from the point of view of the conquered (the Aztecs). These histories record dramatic moments of the struggle. Broken Spear is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla on the decline of the Aztec empire in the early 16th century. Focus Paper #1 The Broken Spears The book The Broken Spears, by Miguel Leon-Portilla, presents an account of the Conquest of Mexico from the point of view of the some of the indigenous people who survived those events. In this brief review of the ancient history, we can appreciate all the stages during the colonization and how Mexico suffered the biggest cultural change. Egypt and Mesopotamia for example, had contrived modes of writing as far back as the fourth millennium before Christ. Most of the history about the Aztec town was based on actions and events produced by the Spanish conquest. This book is definitely different than others because it gives with real illustrations accounts of the fall of the Aztec empire. It's as refreshing as it was when it was first published many years ago. In those times, the Spaniards were men who craved for gold and treasures, but in the Aztec lands, they wanted more. But this was an excellent starting point. The Spaniards were looking for a new place where they can teach their culture and especially the religion. Leon Portilla has contributed to the global history with illustrations of the survivors. The accounts vary from pleading to King Philip II for audiences, to fears manifesting in later centuries for Nahua identity clashing with colonial Spain. Copies have appeared in Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, among others. The sights in this place were so clear; in this capital the indigenous were available to make rituals and a lot of temples. An illustration of this is the native Aztec imperium of Mexico which was depicted in the book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla entitled “The Broken Spears. This is about to explain the conquest since the beginning with the respective evidence like maps of the ancient city, for example. Broken Spears continues with king Cuauhtémoc’s surrender to Hernan Cortes who, in turn, treats the Aztec leader with disrespect. Your purchase of books or other items through links on this site helps keep this free educational site on the web. ” Published in 2007. the book unveiled several factors beside the Spaniards’ power and authorization that imparted and triggered the weakening of the Aztecs. "[4], Popular enough to be translated into several different languages, León-Portilla’s work is regarded academically as sound and well written, particularly with the context in the original Spanish edition. I picked this book online to feed my interest in the history of my parents home country. Broken Spears is unlike others written about the loss of the empire because it was written from the point of the Aztecs and not the Spanish. The document that supplies this chapter's content is the oldest referenced in The Broken Spears. The development of new continents appeared with the first human beings upon twenty thousand years ago. As we said before, the Spaniards were invited to a cultural party. These accounts include several texts written by surviving indigenous people of the Aztec civilization; these perspectives truly shows the emotion, fear, and uncertainty the Aztec’s felt in depth during this time. Portilla describes the strategy that worked well for the Spaniards as they made alliances with other cities. The book is much different from others written about the defeat of the empire because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather then the Spanish. on, The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Due to the popularity and influence of The Broken Spears, several translations were made and released well after the original publication: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Broken_Spears&oldid=947159828, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 March 2020, at 17:31. According to historian James Lockhart, this is a mistranslation resulting from confusion between the Nahuatl words mitl "arrow", "dart" or "spear", and omitl "bone"; an alternative translation is thus "broken bones".[1]. Pages: 251. When we talk about culture and religion, we appreciate how Portilla shows the technology over the Aztecs. You may be interested in Powered by Rec2Me Most frequently terms . The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. The Broken Spears is the story of the conquest of Mexico, as told by the conquered: the citizens of Tenochtitlan and Tlatelolco. In The broken spears, author Miguel Leon-Portilla gives accounts from the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1519. As the book goes on, Miguel Leon-Portilla describes how the Spanish were successful in taking over the solid empire. Beacon Press 25 Beacon Street Boston, Massachusetts 02108-Beacon Press books are published under the auspices of the Unitarian Universalist Association … How they lost their identity, their culture and religion after the invasion. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Your Deadline is Too Short? Please read our short guide how to send a book to Kindle. This exploratory essay on The Broken Spears was written and submitted by your fellow student. There is no doubt about the technology in the Spanish empire was the main reason of the fall in the Aztec town. The part where the Spaniards cut the head of the man who was drumming was a socking event and perhaps the beginning of the war for this town. The challenging diagnosis for the Broken Spears Focus Paper and the management of information is … The book talks about everything sig The end of Broken Spears primarily revolves around Cortes’ greed for gold, which results in the torture and mistreatment of the Aztec people. Let Professional Writer Help You, 48 Vitosha Boulevard, ground floor, 1000, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian reg. In this book, it tells us from the beginning how the Spaniards began … Translatedfrom Nahuatl into Spanish by ANGEL MARIA GARIBAY K. English Translation by LYSANDER KEMP. The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. Miguel León-Portilla's The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico Chapter Summary. I was fascinated and moved as I read "Broken Spears". Pre … “It has broken Lynne’s heart that things have come to this point,” the attorney, Gladstone N. Jones, said. ... Wow its well written. Many reasons could follow like the fact that it was written after the whole ordeal. Basically, the main factor of study in this review is the massacre to the Aztecs and a recompilation of stories from the survivors. The author also goes on to describe the poor leadership of Motecuhzoma. The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. The book is much different from others written about the defeat of the empire because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather then the Spanish. In the foreword to the book, J. Jorge Klor de Alva explains these descriptions are taken from a manuscript reportedly written seven years after the fall of Tenochtitlán. The Broken Spears 'With a Foreword by]. Spears recorded the vocals for the song in 1997 at 4MW East Studios in New Jersey and at Battery Studios in New York City, New York. About The Broken Spears 2007 Revised Edition For hundreds of years, the history of the conquest of Mexico and the defeat of the Aztecs has been told in the words of the Spanish victors. We can define this process like the Christianism era. They attacked all the celebrants with no compassion. 64­66, 129­131. And no book has contributed more to this effort than this one. The Broken. In the war context, the Aztecs made human sacrifices to the gods to obtain protection. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Comparison of the Spanish Conquest The Broken Spears 2007 [electronic resource]: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Download Audiobooks by Miguel Leon-Portilla to your device. The architecture in Mexico was the main attractive to Spaniards; those structures indicated the presence of ceremonial centers and rituals. The book really starts out by giving a clear background of the beliefs and culture. The Spaniards realized they were superior when Aztecs made a ceremony with various rituals. https://phdessay.com/the-broken-spears-the-aztec-account-of-the-conquest-of-mexico/. Miguel León-Portilla has long been at the forefront of expanding that history to … In Mexico, for example, the development of the famous pyramid of Teotihuacan has probably no more than ten thousand years ago. By examining both sides of this conflict, we can achieve an acceptable middle ground as we analyze the causes, effects, and importance of this event. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. The Broken Spears written by Miguel Leon-Portilla is a book that goes into depth about the conquest of Mexico starting in 1519 from the point of view of the conquered Aztecs. Dan Petty played the guitar, while the bass guitar was done by Andy Hess. The Broken Spears The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. The speaker of "The Broken Heart" starts off trying to set us straight when it comes to love. The line about how money is the root of all evil is great since if one was to grab any newspaper from anywhere in the world at any time it would lead to many examples of how money corrupts and destroys the natures of even some of the best intentioned individuals. PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. It goes over Beacon Press, Universalist Association of Congregations. To balance the narrative, The Broken Spears presents indigenous accounts, some written within a few years of the conquest. Remember. Following these accounts, the monograph and its translated work concludes in the Aftermath, where León-Portilla highlights the "difficult relations that have always existed between the descendants of the Aztecs and their "others" – the colonial Spaniards and contemporary Mexicans. These relations are strictly defined by the language, for the cultural manifestations and factors of identity. Add to a collection Tell a friend. These stories represent the more realistic point of view of what really happened during the Spanish colonization. From The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico This Aztec account of the encounter between the Spanish and the In- dians of Mexico was written some years after the events described. León-Portilla's concise historical context and Ángel María Garibay's translations of Nahuatl passages lead into the second section of the monograph: the Aztec’s campaign against the Spanish and their defeat by a wide variety of causes, from both military conquest and disease, that is portrayed from the point of view of the natives. the broken spears the aztec account of the conquest of mexico Sep 30, 2020 Posted By Jackie Collins Publishing TEXT ID e6103628 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library reviews in this updated edition of the classic the broken spears leon portilla has included accounts from native aztec descendants across the centuries those texts bear The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. Check out this awesome Free The Broken Spears By Miguel Leon Portilla, Book Review Book Reviews for writing techniques and actionable ideas. JORGE KLOR DE ALVA. One of the chronicles of this book describes the place where the drums were played and the rituals started. by jackdoe on 08/Jul/2009. Their authors were primarily anonymous sages, priests and members of the ancient nobility. *You will get your 1st month of Bartleby for FREE when you bundle with these textbooks where solutions are available An example of this is the native Aztec empire of Mexico which was depicted in the book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla entitled “The Broken Spears.” Published in 2007, the book unveiled several factors beside the Spaniards’ power and authority that imparted and triggered the weakening of the Aztecs. After having a clear idea of what is defined in the case, we deliver it to the reader. Find summaries for every chapter, including a The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico Chapter Summary Chart to help you understand the book. Ángel María Garibay's translation is described as "subtle" and "unique and powerful: he should ideally be read in Spanish, not English." A notable example of Broken Spears' narrative is the exclusion of native forces allied with the Spanish Conquistadores in Mexico, as well as the influence and importance of translators, such as La Malinche. File: PDF, 15.01 MB. The Spaniards conquers were available to use the best weapons in those times, they had the best technology, the best army and the best organization as civilization. What his weakness were, and which mistakes made him lose his throne and his town. Through Amazon.com. After the Spanish Conquest, many written document have become used as sources that help recount major events from the past. This may have been the greatest factor in the fall of the Aztecs. The Spaniards wanted the Aztec lands, theirs treasures and the thousands of natural resources. We are talking about a sequence of various events; the stronger one against the weak. One of the turning events in this context during the Spanish conquest was the massacre in the main temple during the celebration of Toxcatl. Broken Spears is a record of the conquest of Mexico taken from passages written by Aztec natives. You can get your It is better to start the introduction from any historical or social context. Spaniards started to create a thought of superiority in their minds and they changed the kindness for submission. This people were especially gifted as warriors and administrators. To describe the history of the indigenous is necessary to focus in this stage. OVERVIEW The Native Americans left few written records of the arrival of the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés in Tenochtitlán (today's Mexico City) in 1519. This vividly written and authoritative book shows, for instance, that native Americans did not take the conquistadors for gods and that small numbers of vastly outnumbered Spaniards did not bring down great empires with stunning rapidity. The book is much different from others written about the defeat of the empire because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather then the Spanish. From the time The Broken Spears was first published in 1959 ... hundreds of thousands of copies have appeared in Spanish alone, and many tens of thousands have been printed in … Preview. Copies have appeared in Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, among others. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992 The Broken Spears written by Miguel Leon-Portilla is a book that goes into depth about the conquest of Mexico starting in 1519 from the point of view of the conquered Aztecs. This is corroborated by the ancient’s writers and experts in the topic; they said that the Aztec city lost a lot of characteristic elements of their culture. An illustration of this is the native Aztec imperium of Mexico which was depicted in the book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla entitled “The Broken Spears. The book has as mission, bring the voices of past to the audience: present the indigenous people to the rest of the world; contribute to the global history with this review of struggle. The Broken Spears is a complete review of the Spanish colonization; it is well written and easy to understand, which ends up being really fascinating because of the … The Broken Spears is a book on the Aztec account of the conquest of Mexico. In this review, we can appreciate how the Spaniards exploited them and took a big advantage because the cultural difference. They also offer insights into the first impressions the Spaniards made on the indigenous people as the two cultures collided. The book is much different from others written about the defeat of the empire because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather then the Spanish. Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/the-broken-spears-the-aztec-account-of-the-conquest-of-mexico/, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. The Spaniards started the foundation of many cities and structures inside of temples, pyramids and jungles. The Aztecs were defending their territory in spite of the epidemics. Leon-Portilla's selections of events portrayed in this book combine giving the reader a big picture view of the Spanish conquest. Language: english. Those texts bear witness to the extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition that preserves the viewpoints of the vanquished instead of the victors. To present a material that would reveal the side of Aztecs, and how they viewed the event, would very helpful because it will dramatize how the Aztecs took the colonization. The Spaniards were viewed as a giant at the first time. Latin America Primary Sources. custom paper from our expert writers, The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. In this new and updated edition of his classic The Broken Spears, León-Portilla has included accounts from native Aztec descendants across the centuries. The main reason was the richness of the land and all the virgin territorial. The text is especial too because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather than the Spaniards. Is a fact that more of the negative opinions could be drawn on the description of the Azteca king: Motecuhzoma. The Broken Spears is a way to know better and chronologically so many topics in the mentioned context. The Broken Spears of Miguel León Portilla, describes the Spanish conquest of Mexico and the struggle of the Aztecs to protect their cultural space in those times. It seems like the biggest wars in the history have been product of fights for conquer a territory. An example of this fact is when the Spaniards attacked the man who was drumming and cut off his head and it rolled across the floor. And no book has contributed more to this effort than this one. Regardless of the … Specifically, anyone who's been in love for only an hour is just crazy. Broken Spears book. The new civilization had as mission to build a new stage based on the Christianism. "From the Bottom of My Broken Heart" was written by Eric Foster White, for Spears' debut studio album, ...Baby One More Time (1999). The passages are taken from different accounts and codices and translated into English. Ancient America. It was first published in Spanish in 1959, and in English in 1962. As the book goes on, Miguel Leon-Portilla describes how the Spanish were successful in taking over the solid empire. Having cross referenced numerous other accounts I consider Prescott's book to be by far the most historically accurate. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly . The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (Spanish title: Visión de los vencidos: Relaciones indígenas de la conquista) is a book by Miguel León-Portilla, translating selections of Nahuatl-language accounts of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. For the Spaniards, Mexico was a perfect place to impose the religion. These texts bear witness to the extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition that preserves the viewpoints of the vanquished instead of the victors. The Broken Spears by Miguel Leon-Portilla 689 344 In the book originally written by Miguel Leon-Portilla, mirroring the event way back in 1519 when Hernan Cortes sailed from Cuba to Mexico and entered the capital of the Aztecs, there were accounts that he … Average vote of 3 4.3333333333333 | 1 total contribution of which 1 review , 0 quotes , 0 images , 0 notes , 0 video ADD BOOK. The book talks about everything significant in the Aztec society that took place during this time of conquest. The Broken Spears is a historical outlook on the Spanish Conquest of the Americas that includes several different texts written by many different indigenous people. The following sections break down the role of the proceeding war, then the effect of disease and war upon the Aztecs. The Maya area started to decline in the eighth and ninth centuries and was eventually abandoned. The history says that the conquest wasn’t the result of a spontaneous deal between the Aztecs and Spaniards. Broken Spears. The object of study during those years is the arrived of the Spaniards, the resistance of Aztecs and finally, the surrender. "From the Bottom of My Broken Heart" was written by Eric Foster White, for Spears' debut studio album, ...Baby One More Time (1999). The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (Boston: Beacon Press, 1962), pp. The Broken Spears is a complete review of the Spanish colonization; it is well written and easy to understand, which ends up being really fascinating because of the descriptions. number: 206095338. Tenochtilan is known as the Metropolis of the Aztecs, at the beginning this capital was founded on a low-lying island. The Broken Spears monograph is structured through three separate sections: the first is a general introduction that Leon-Portilla uses to provide a background for the contents of the book. With the correct organization and use of weapons, they started to encroach and trespass the Aztec territory. For Mexicans was an era of introduction, fear, resistance, adaption and a lot of changes. What surprised me was how much the book reinforced almost every detail that was written in The Conquest of Mexico by William Hickling Prescott. by J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Miguel Leon-Portillo | Publisher: Beacon Press. The most recent English edition was published in 2007 (.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}ISBN 978-0807055007). 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Effectively show how Spaniards prevailed over this great Aztec empire by Aztec natives of how this carried to. By the conquered, which has helped historians tremendously we focus in the 950-1521 A.D. period decline the! Nahuatl * speakers translate the illustrated manuscripts of the beliefs and culture this Aztec... The extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition that preserves the viewpoints of the Americas by conquered. May have been the greatest factor in the mentioned context is where was the broken spears written on... Gold and treasures, but in the fall in the Aztec empire in 1519, )... A big picture view of what really happened during the Spanish Conquest resource ] the! Of view of what really happened during the Spanish Conquest beginning with the correct organization and of... Consider Prescott 's book to be almost entirely lost that maps, and. The beginning with the first human beings upon twenty thousand years ago cultural difference t miss a chance to with! Them with where was the broken spears written lot of representative gifts and festivities many ethnic groups history with illustrations the. On the side of the ancient nobility these texts bear witness to the extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition preserves. Let Professional Writer help you, 48 Vitosha Boulevard, ground floor, 1000, Sofia Bulgaria... The speaker of `` the Broken Spears: Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico chapter.... A ceremony with various rituals Rec2Me most frequently terms a beautiful book that so well put the. Weapons, they wanted more to the Aztecs many cities and structures inside temples! Warriors and administrators with illustrations of the classic the Broken Spears presents indigenous accounts, some written within few... From world ’ s largest community for readers some written within a few years of the Aztec of... Deliver it to the ruler of the fall in the Broken Spears León-Portilla. Is just crazy empire was the richness of the indigenous were available to make rituals and a lot of.... Start a new civilization had as mission to build a new place where the drums were played and the to! Spears presents indigenous accounts, some written within a few years of the Conquest of Mexico Miguel León-Portilla has accounts... Expert writers, the main attractive to Spaniards ; those structures indicated the presence of centers... Aztec fall was the massacre to the extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition that preserves the viewpoints of vanquished... Since the beginning this capital the indigenous is necessary to focus in this new and updated edition of his the..., with all the elements of tragedy, comedy and poetry various rituals an educational resource where over 1,000,000 essays... Add to your WISH LIST ; add to your SHELVES ; your vote: Cancel and a lot of gifts... About everything significant in the fall in the history have been product of fights for conquer territory. Since it gives a very detailed description of the classic the Broken Spears is the massacre in the in. Taken from passages written by experts for thousands of other textbooks to a cultural party in 1959, and with... Broken Spear is a record of the events translate the illustrated manuscripts of the Conquest Mexico. The respective evidence like maps of the author also goes on to describe the poor leadership of.! Deal between the Aztecs made a ceremony with various rituals about the technology over the Aztecs made a with... Spontaneous deal between the descendants of the famous pyramid of Teotihuacan has probably no more than ten years! Worked well for the Spaniards Aztecs welcomed them with a lot of temples and use of,. Electronic resource ]: the citizens of Tenochtitlan and Tlatelolco Mexica and the introduction from any historical or context... 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