Based on frost dates and planting zones. As you drive through the neighborhoods of Central Pennsylvania, you may be surprised by how much of the landscape you see originated in other countries. Once the backfill soil is added, water the plant thoroughly. If the plant is root-bound, make sure you free the root system by gently pulling it apart. Determine your soil type--do you have heavy clay or silty loam? Sedges. Additional water may be needed during the growing season until plants are well established. By definition, a native Pennsylvania plant is one that grew in Pennsylvania before the European settlers arrived, as opposed to exotic plants which came from other countries after that time period. Ground cover, Moist to dry. Visit your favorite nursery or seek out native plant nurseries and sales sponsored by conservation societies. Be sure to purchase plants from a reputable source and purchase only nursery propagated native plants. Blue Curled Scotch Kale is a compact plant with very tender, blue-green, crinkled leaves that are quite delicious, very cold hardy, and rich in vitamin A. Some stone fruit trees, like peach (Prunus persica), apricot (Prunus armeniaca), plum Prunus Americana) and sweet cherry (Prunus avium) grow well in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania also considers it a felony to grow 10-21 plants. When they're small, they're less spicy. Development is rapidly reducing natural areas that shelter a wealth of our native plants; the landscapes that replace the natural areas consist mostly of lawns and exotic plants. Your geographic location will affect how successful your flowers or plants will grow in your gardening areas. Though native plants have the home advantage, matching their needs to the growing site is still very important. Ground cover. Combining plants that grow well in the same natural habitats will help create healthy, vigorous plantings. Astilbe (Astilbe spp.) Self Seeds, Moist shade. Find A Fresh Foods or Garden & Home Store Near You, pollinators depend on trees, shrubs, and other plants. Sign up for weekly coupons, trending seasonal information, and store updates! Some plants, such as brassicas (turnips and rape), even remai… A reduction of native insects means that birds have fewer insects to feed to their young, and that will lead to a reduction of bird species. Once the plant is established, water deeply but infrequently to encourage the plant to grow deep roots. Inconspicuous flowers, Moist to dry. Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit! Zone 5-8. In their place, homeowners add tropical plants and exotic grasses as showy centerpieces to their landscaping. The most easily and commonly grown culinary herbs in The Pennsylvania Wilds are basil, mint, rosemary, lavender, oregano and thyme. Natives have many advantages. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community. Oxeye sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides… Your local Penn State Extension office can help. From Europe to Asia, many of the plant and tree species you see are non-native to the area. Bee balm (Monarda didyma) — best for sunny moist sites, aromatic nectar source, spread well to naturalize areas. Blackberries are a bramble growing fruit plant with a growing habit as either erect or trailing. By planting natives, gardeners can help retain our natural history and the beauty and diversity of Penn's Woods. Planting calendars for places in Pennsylvania. As mentioned above, native plants are the base of the food chain for many local birds. Numerous plants have been introduced to the US state of Pennsylvania in the last four hundred years and many of them have become invasive species that compete with the native plants and suppress their growth. Native plants can also be purchased from local nurserys. Other factors must also be considered. Collecting plants from the wild causes the depletion of native species and disruption of the ecosystem. 'Fanal', a selection with dark red flowers, is a favorite here at the Better Homes and Gardens Test Garden. As development takes away farmland and wildland, many native plants are lost. If planted in the proper environment, many natives need little or no additional water once established. : 2-3' White Bloom: July Plant Community: C One of top 10 butterfly plants! When planting, placing the plant in a hole at the same depth as when it was in the container is important. Ground cover, Wet to moist. Sun to partial shade. Prepared by Shirley Wagner, Master Gardener Coordinator, Penn State Extension, Lancaster County and Connie Schmotzer, Consumer Horticulture, Penn State Extension, York County. Be sure to follow responsible landscaping techniques and do your best to match your property’s soil and light conditions to the native plants you choose. Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. Use for back of the border, Wet to moist. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation & Natural Resources, there are approximately 2,100 native plants in Pennsylvania. Many native perennials like less fertile soil and require the addition of little or no fertilizer. View our privacy policy. New leaves or needles are produced each year, and some of the older inside foliage dies and drops to the ground. When those … If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws. In the next fifty years, what we plant in our yards will determine the kind of wildlife that can live in Pennsylvania. Sun to partial shade. Northeast Pennsylvania is home to the largest Welch's grape processing plant and The Borough of Kane region is the world's largest producer of black cherries. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. Attractive form year round. The soil around many of our home sites is often removed prior to home construction and may not be replaced afterwards. Many native perennials like less fertile soil and require the addition of little or no fertilizer. Hardy root crops such as carrot (Daucus carota subsp. Landscaping with Native Plants. Do not collect from the wild! Non-native plants, in general, tend to support fewer species of caterpillars and provide less food. Pennsylvania Native Plant Nurseries. If you do some homework and place plants in the proper environment, you will be rewarded with gardens that thrive with less care. sativus), beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Mid-Atlantic Recommended Native Plant Species List, 2001. In fact, many meadow species may become leggy if the soil is too moist. They’ll grow quickly, and you can harvest your radishes when they’re the size of large marbles (in about a month). Cool-season plants are the ticket as they can withstand several rounds of frost. Recent research from Dr. Doug Tallamy of the University of Delaware has determined that 90 percent of our native insects are specialists that feed on three or fewer families of plants. Many food plot forages grow best when temperatures are 60-65 degrees F. These "cool-season" plants include clovers, brassicas, birdsfoot trefoil, winter peas, winter wheat and oats. Native Perennials. Known for its coal mines and steel factories, Pennsylvania holds rich history and excellent gardening soil. Astilbe. Astilbe plants have tall flower plumes and attractive lacy foliage. A native plant is one which occurred within this region before colonization by Europeans. Beloved for handsome foliage and dense, colorful plumes of flowers, astilbe blooms in shades of pink, red, white, and lavender in early summer. ferns, native plants, Pennsylvania, perennials, shrubs, trees. Partial shadeto sun. The beauty of these plants pretty much speak for themselves. Cultivate the soil to a depth of eight to ten inches and incorporate any soil amendments. In the northern part of our state, Buffalo grass can handle extreme summers and also does well in the winter. Because they evolved here, they are well-adapted to our climate and are generally easy to care for once they are established. Sun to partial sun. Because they evolved here, they are well-adapted to our climate and are generally easy to care for once they are established. ©2020 Stauffers of Kissel Hill. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. More non-native plants are introduced every year. Additionally, invasive plants tend to emerge earlier in the spring, leaving native plants to fight for nutrients, space, and other resources. Perhaps the most compelling reason to choose natives is to preserve Pennsylvania's biodiversity. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. Our native plants of Pennsylvania guide offers many suggestions for adding native plants in your home landscaping. When the plant is small, water the area around the roots, about 4 inches from the plants. Though thousands of perennials are available, native perennials have a special role in the garden. Attracts butterflies, Moist to dry. Sun. They are aggressive growers and can often survive and reproduce under adverse conditions, essentially pushing native plants out of the growing space. Most hunters and wildlife watchers want a wildlife attractant that's lush and green, October through November. Keystone Wildflowers provides a variety of Pennsylvania native plants, including wildflowers, ferns, grasses and sedges, shrubs, vines and trees. Blackberry canes are hardy to plant in USDA growing zones 5 through 8. Annuals and perennials are the plants that add color to a landscape, attract beneficial insects such as bees and butterflies and in the case of perennials, produce flowers year after year. Ground cover. Plant them in rich, acidic soil in full sun or partial shade, where you can appreciate the distinctive character they provide in landscapes and gardens. Rushes. Pennsylvania native plants are plants that thrived in the area before settlement. Does it tend to dry out quickly after a rainfall or does it hold moisture? Plant Community: A Also called Blue Beech: New Jersey Tea Moisture: Dry Sun: Full/Part Hgt. Learn more on what we are doing for the safety of our team members & customers. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Why select my growing zone? Trees that retain green foliage for three to five years or more are spruce, fir, hemlock, and yew. They depend on native plants and the insects that have co-evolved with them. Sun to partial sun. Description. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Now, however, any number of plants being grown is considered a felony and could result in 1-5 years in prison, plus a $15,000 fine. But it prefers heavier clay soil and limited rainfall. Natives have many advantages. 'Blueray' and 'Bluecrop' both grow well in Zones 4 through 7 and in soil with pH acidic values of 4.5 to 5.5. Native plants include: Ferns. Spring, early summer, and fall are the best times to establish native perennials. Sun to partial sun. As long as they are winter hardy in USDA hardiness Zones 5 to 7 (as most fall bulbs are), Pennsylvania is the perfect place to plant them in the fall before the first freeze. Wildflowers. All Rights Reserved. Previously, there was no specification for a lower number of plants. Burdock (Arctium lappa) This plant is easy to spot if you look for the annoying burrs. Herbaceous (non-woody) perennial plants add year-round interest to any landscape and are a popular choice of plants among gardeners. Featured species: Chrysogonum virginianum. Plants that require moist soil high in organic matter will do well if compost is added. Grasses. Natives have many advantages. Test your soil before planting and, if needed, amend the nutrients according to the soil test results. Native plants are becoming increasingly popular and easier to find. Select options Pennsylvania: Vegetable Planting … Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? The erect varieties are lower in maintenance and recommended for growing in the home garden in Pennsylvania. There are many types of plants that are considered to have bulbous root stems--including rhizomes, tubers and corms--even though they are not true bulbs. The Pennsylvania Native Plant Society holds an annual native plant festival and sale and features other native plant sale events across the state on its website. Herbaceous (nonwoody) perennial plants add year round interest to any landscape and are a popular choice of plants among gardeners. Recipes: I love to eat radishes on my salads or just fresh from the garden. This genus of deciduous or evergreen trees produces beautiful blossoms and fruits with soft flesh that surround a hard pit. Knowing your gardening zones for hardiness and heat can help you decide which plants to choose. Additionally, 1,300 non-native species exist throughout the state. Is it high or low in organic matter? Clubmosses. The right way to plant a tree. Is the site in sun or shade? Instead, you should opt for Pennsylvania native plants for your yard, garden, and flower beds. Water once a week with several gallons of water per plant, more often if the weather is very dry or very hot. How much room does the site allow for perennials to grow to their maximum size without crowding? Not only are they delicious and easy to grow but they each offer tremendous benefits for our health. Remember...Zone maps are not perfect and could be incorrect if you live in a micro-climate within a zone. Planting: In September, plant the seeds directly in the garden. A list of non-native plants maintained by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources reveals some of the most severe floral threats to the natural landscape of Pennsylvania. However, be sure to keep the mulch away from the plant stems. vulgaris) and radish (Raphanus sativus) usually should be direct sown -- sown directly in the garden -- … Popular cultivars of the highbush blueberry include the 'Blueray' and 'Bluecrop' plants, because Pennsylvania's USDA Plant Hardiness Zones and soil acidity matches the ideal growing conditions for these plants. While blue phlox (Phlox divaricata) — good groundcover for shady locations, bloom in spring. Because they evolved here, they are well-adapted to our climate and are generally easy to care for once they are established. By definition, a native Pennsylvania plant is one that grew in Pennsylvania before the European settlers arrived, as opposed to exotic plants which came from other countries after that time period. Landscaping with native plants has many benefits, both to you and to the environment as a whole. They look beautiful, but they can become invasive. Plant onion starts and potatoes around February 29. A two inch mulch layer of shredded leaves, shredded bark, or compost will help conserve water. "Weeping" form Moist to dry. Among evergreens that drop one-year-old foliage are laurel, holly, white pine, and arborvitae. Attracts beneficials, Wet to moist. Although many homeowners offer bird feeders with seeds, nuts, and fruits, 90% of birds raise their young on caterpillars. Lettuce is one of the vegetables that grow well in Pennsylvania. These were the things growing in Pennsylvania naturally before European immigrants brought their favorite plants … In recent decades, plantsmen have selected unique forms with striking foliage and superior habits to offer this incredible slow-growing, ornamental forms to us. To learn more about the native plants we currently offer, select the appropriate native plant type. Start these indoors around February 19. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. Red maple is a moderately fast-growing Pennsylvania-native shade tree best known for its brilliant red (sometimes red/gold) fall foliage. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement, Moist to dry. Shell’s Falcon Pipeline, which will transport up to 107,000 barrels of ethane daily to the cracker plant, is 95% completed, Mercer said. 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