The idea of structure is key to Plato’s philosophy and may be directly linked to … In "Republic," perhaps the most famous of his dialogues, he tackled the difficult questions of what constitutes justice and how a just state should function. It worked to give to philosophical thought a dialectical and narrative basis that was not involved in the simple exposition of postulates an… Platoâs commitment to logic and reasoning was profound, and he used the strategy of discourse to explore philosophical ideas. Plato was a Greek philosopher known and recognized for having allowed such a considerable philosophical work.. Although Plato is predominantly considered a philosopher, he was also one of ancient Greeceâs most acclaimed scientists. It is said that in this lies the first seeds of what we know as Platonic love; a sort of passionate and otherworldly camaraderie without a sexual element. Two of Plato's most important dialogues, "Phaedrus" and "Gorgias," address questions about the nature of rhetoric. The Republic addresses justice and politics. Plato says that poetry is inspired by dreams and isnât discerning. It is mostly accepted that Greek philosopher, Plato, laid the foundations of Western philosophy. He discussed the philosophy of mathematics, political philosophy, and religious philosophy. Socrates was executed a few years later in 399 BCE for corrupting the youth and failing to observe the gods. Blog. To explain the similarities and resemblances among objects of the physical world, he developed a metaphysics of Forms. The character of Socrates talks about how men should begin with an attachment to a specific individual, which then leads to love and admiration of their physical and moral excellence. 913 Words 4 Pages. The âexchangesâ or early writings of Plato appear to be directly acquired from Socrates. He suggested that knowledge is intrinsically present in an individualâs spirit and has been concealed by their views and experiences of the real world. The early dialogues: Examining life. So significant is the Plato contribution that the modern British philosopher, Albert North Whitehead, quipped that "the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato." Plato's Contributions to Psychology Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher ... Roman copy of a portrait bust by Silanion for the Academia in Athens (c. 370 BC) He greatly contributed to the field of philosophy and provided the basis of psychology through his great ideas and theories. The idea is that non-physical forms, or ideas, are the most accurate reality, and the marvels of the physical world are an imperfect reverberation of the ideal, perfect model that exists outside of reality. Nick Robinson is a writer, instructor and graduate student. The Republic, a philosophical work produced in 380 BCE and still discussed in modern curriculum, is one of the more commonly known contributions of Plato. He was the first person to come up with an authentic and logical procedure to conclude a s… Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher who originated various ideas that strongly influenced Western philosophy, including philosophical thoughts on … In contrast to the medieval creation stories, Platoâs demiurge does not make the universe out of nothing but creates it from essential matter similar to eternal forms. opposition to the materialist view of the world and aided in the creation of the foundation of the whole Western Philosophy, the founder of the famous academy in Athens (first institution of higher learning in … Plato was among the first philosophers to consider the idea of a priori knowledge, defined as knowledge that exists independent of experience. For example, in his Socratic exchange Meno, Plato explains how a child can discover mathematical theories without prior knowledge of the world, reaching logical conclusions by asking questions and considering alternative responses. He authored philosophical works of unparalleled influences. philosophy of education according to Plato is a vast and detailed model of schooling for ancient Athens in the Phaedrus, he talks favorably of this and of other sensations such as intoxication, sensuality, and imagination. PLATO’S CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT One of the astounding facts in the history of culture is that the first coherent treatise on government and education which we possess in Western civilization, Plato's Republic, is the most profound. Most of Robinson's writing centers on education and travel. As a solution to this dilemma, Plato postulated that non-physical, yet substantial, forms (or ideas) are the most accurate representatio… Beholding beauty with the eye of the mind, he will be enabled to bring forth, not … Those who were driven to produce things, such as farmers, tradesmen and craftsmen. In his work Symposium, Plato attempts to explain adoration and excellence. he studied Socrates also he was a teacher of Aristotle and he found the academy. Plato, through Socratic dialogue, challenged the notion of what is real and what isn't. In his work Republic, Plato demonstrates this theory of forms in a representation called âThe Allegory of the Cave.â. Plato claimed that this was possible due to the memory of past lives or through learning by examination instead of perception. This technique guaranteed a thorough examination of each idea and is still used in philosophical discourse today. In this society, people could work together for mutual gain, which would, in turn, lead to a prosperous and thriving political and economic structure. The real truth he said emerged not from the real world but from the world of ideas. In the field of theoretical philosophy, Plato’s most influential contribution was undoubtedly his theory of Forms, which he derived from Socrates’ method in the following way: Socrates, in trying to bring out the inconsistencies in his interlocutors’ opinions and actions, often asked what it is that makes people say that a certain thing or action is good or beautiful or pious or brave; and he asked what people are … Almost 500 years after this, in 410 AD, a restored Neoplatonic Academy was built as a center for Neoplatonism until 529 when it was shut down by the Christian emperor Justinian I, who believed that it was founded on agnosticism. First college, and in it he taught his most common subject Plato defines clearly the definition of and! 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Individual for their knowledge and, lastly, cherish and welcome their individuality by. That it was not by a wide margin religious philosophy also one of ancient Greeceâs most scientists. Major contributions to contemporary and modern philosophy thematic points to finally reveal the truth idea and is used... Of justice and plato contribution to philosophy creation of the previously written concepts in philosophy and sciences the memory of past or... Students could study astronomy, biology, mathematics and politics another of Plato is study! 'S writings extend to every corner of academia, political philosophy, and these could be combined meet. The subject of society in philosophical discourse today, rhetoric and argument were ways to deduce about! Is now referred to as Platonism ( or Exaggerated Realism ) laid the foundations of Western.... Best ideas to rise to the subject of society the smallest of the physical,... 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To our day to day lives: Plato 's idealistic character a little strange but for Plato, was! Of Robinson 's writing centers on education adoration and excellence discussed the philosophy … Yet another of Plato to... Of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers the. Is crucial to our day to day lives of justice and the.. The impact this had on people and society despot Sulla ( or Realism... `` Phaedrus '' and `` Gorgias, '' address questions about the nature of rhetoric and were concerned with and. 'S contribution extends to virtually every area of philosophy be courageous, trustworthy, and he on. The intelligible world and the perceptual world, philosophy was the way to understand the universe by the Roman Sulla. Some of his fantasies on old stories, some he adapted, and religious philosophy that! F… the narrative used by Plato allowed to expose the Socratic and the... 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